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2007 Joint Annual Meeting

October 12, 2007
San Francisco, CA

Faculty Manuscripts

Anesthetic Gases and the Developing Nervous System - Mervyn Maze, MD

The Science of Regional Anesthesia in Infants and Children - Charles B. Berde, MD, PhD

Regional Anesthesia Data: UK and US Databases - Tony Moriarty, MD & Giovanni Cucchiaro, MD

Anesthesia effects on Children During Emergence & After: Does Anesthesia Make Kids Crazy... for a While? - Mike Sury, MD & Zeev N. Kain, MD

What are Evidence-Based Guidelines? - David G. Nichols, MD

UK Progress in Evidenced-Based Anesthesia Guidelines - Neil S. Morton, MB, ChB, FRCA

Dexmedetomidine in Children - Joseph D. Tobias, MD

Uncuffed vs. Cuffed Endotracheal Tubes - PD Markus Weiss, MD

Abstract Listing - Scientific Reports

SR1 The effects of dexmedetomidine on cardiac electrophysiology in children.
GB Hammer, H Cao, E Jackson, G Williams, CR Ramamoorthy, GF Van Hare, A Niksch, AM Dubin
Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA

SR2 Internet Acquisition of Opiates and Sedatives by Adolescents: A Growing Concern for the Practicing Anesthesiologist
MM Liao, B Vaughan, CS Scher
Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY

SR3 Does high body mass index influence resource utilization in children undergoing adeno-tonsillectomy?
O.O. Nafiu, WT Chimbira, KK Tremper, PI Reynolds.
Mott Children's hospital, University of Michiagan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

SR4 Laparoscopic appendectomy in children: our experiences of 259 cases in the past 5 years
Norifumi Kuratani, M.D., Ph.D., Yukiko Ohara, M.D., Hirosato Kikuchi, M.D., Ph.D.
Department of Anesthesiology, Saitama Medical School, Moroyama, Saitama, Japan.

SR5 Anesthesia for Radiation Therapy in Pediatric Oncology - Review of 3850 Cases
D. L. Anghelescu, L. L. Burgoyne, W. Liu, G. M. Hankins, C. Cheng, P. A. Beckham, J. Shearer, A. L. Norris, G. B. Bikhazi, L. E. Kun
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN

SR6 Parental Perceptions of the Adolescent Patient's Personality as a Predictor of Preoperative Anxiety
A Clebone, CS Scher, B Vaughan, P Neuburger, J Asnis, J Halperin
Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY

SR7 Front-Teeth-to-Carina distance in children
Agnes I Hunyady, Benjamin Pieters, Troy A Johnston, Christer Jonmarker
Children's Hospital and Regional Medical Center, Seattle, WA

SR8 Novel Distraction Technique for Pediatric Pre-operative Anxiety prevention
J Aron, B Smallman
Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY

SR9 Detecting Awareness in Children using an Auditory Intervention
A Davidson1,2,3, S Sheppard2, A Engwerda1, A Wong1, L Phelan2, C Ironfield2, R Stargatt2

  1. Department of Anaesthesia, Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia
  2. Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Melbourne, Australia
  3. Department of Pharmacology, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia

SR10 MAC-awake of Sevoflurane in Children
A Davidson1,2,3, S Sheppard2, A Wong1, G Knottenbelt1, G Frawley1

  1. Department of Anaesthesia, Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia
  2. Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Melbourne, Australia
  3. Department of Pharmacology, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia

SR11 BIS-awake in Children Using the Paediatric Quattro Sensor
Andrew Davidson1,2, Tiffany Kwok1

  1. Department of Anaesthesia & Pain Management, Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne
  2. Murdoch Childrens Research Institute

SR12 Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor (GCSF) protects vulnerable neonatal brain regions from hypoxic injury following brief, repeated apnea
SD Markowitz, H Liu, G Schears, Z Yu, A Mendoza, P Pastuszko, WJ Greeley, V Nadkarni, DF Wilson, A Pastuszko.
The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA

SR13 Retrospective Study on OR Extubation following Congenital Cardiac Surgery on CPB at Columbus Children's Hospital
Aymen N Naguib, MD, Stephen Spanos, MD, Janet Isaacs, CRNA, Peter Winch, MD,MBA Vincent F. Olshove Jr., CCP
Columbus Children's Hospital

SR14 Effect of Dexmedetomidine on Neurophysiologic Monitoring during Spinal Surgery (EEG, Tibial Somatosensory and Lower Extremity Transcranial Electrical Motor Evoked Potentials, F-responses and H-reflexes).
G. M. Cramolini, R. Leppanen, L. Smithson
East Tennessee Children's Hospital, Knoxville, TN

SR15 Abnormal sensitivity to sevoflurane in children with mitochondrial defects.
JJ Niezgoda1, MM Sedensky2, PG Morgan2

  1. Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH
  2. University Hospitals of Cleveland, Cleveland, OH

SR16 Anaesthesia for general surgery emergencies in children with severe unpalliated congenital heart defects-
Walker A, Moriarty A, Stokes MA
Birmingham Childrens Hospital, Birmingham, UK

SR17 Routine use of epidurograms - A five year experience
Andreas H. Taenzer, MD FAAP Cantwell Clark V, MD MS
Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center

SR18 Hyperthermia in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit - Is it Malignant Hyperthermia?
Laura E. Schleelein, M.D., Ronald S. Litman, D.O.
The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA

SR19 Nitrite metabolism in fetal and adult sheep blood.
John T. Chalabi MD1, Shilpa T. Verma MD1, Arlin B. Blood PhD2,3, Laura S. Kirby BS2, Gordon G. Power MD3.

  1. Department of Anesthesia
  2. Dept of Pediatrics, Div of Neonatology
  3. Ctr for Perinatal Biology
Loma Linda Univ Sch of Med, Loma Linda, CA

SR20 Perioperative Temperature Monitoring in Paediatric Anaesthesia
Dr. Anuraag Guleria, Dr. William Splinter
Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario

SR21 Incidence of Bradycardia during Induction with Sevoflurane in Children with Down Syndrome
FW Kraemer, PA Stricker, MA Rehman
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Medical School, Philadelphia, PA

SR22 Retrospective chart review of intrathecal morphine administration for preemptive analgesia in children undergoing posterior spinal fusion for treatment of idiopathic scoliosis
P Tripi, MD , J Potzman, MD, C Poe-Kochert, CNP, S Thomas, G Thompson, MD
University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio

A.R. Wolf1, J.W. Polson2, and J.F.R. Paton2

  1. Department of Anaesthesia, Bristol Royal Hospital for Children
  2. Departments of Physiology, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK

SR24 Safety and Operational Efficiency of Anesthesiology Directed Sedation for Pediatric Diagnostic Imaging
L Torres, C Lin, D Evans, F Enaje, T Schuelke, M Watcha
Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, Texas

SR25 Evaluation of the Use of Blood Products in a Pediatric Operating Room
Mohamed Rehman, M.D., Arianna Trionfo, B.S., Rhonda Alexis, M.D.
Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

SR26 Audit of Post-operative Nausea and Vomiting in children following adenotonsillectomy.
Khan J A, Kumar K, Franklin B
Department of Anaesthetics & Intensive care, Altnagelvin Area Hospital, Londonderry BT48 7NR, United Kingdom

SR27 Hemodynamic Changes with Sevoflurane Induction in Children with Down Syndrome
W. Bai, MD, S. Malviya, MD, T. Voepel-lewis, MSN,RN, N. Ravula, MD
University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Mi

SR28 Insufflation versus Intubation During Esophagogastroduodenoscopy in Children
Hoffmann C, Gunter JB, Hein E, Samuels P, Shackleford M, Beckman E
Department of Anesthesia, Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH

SR29 Hagen-Poiseuille's law- "FACT or FICTION"
Dr Raju Reddy
Birmingham Childrens Hospital, Birmingham UK
C S Mott Childrens Hospital, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA (current)

SR30 Validity and Reliability of Pediatric Palliative Care Assessment Tool
Cohen IT, Cochran D, Lomax E, Jeffress E, Hummer K
Children's National Medical Center, Washington DC

Abstract Listings - Case Reports

CR1 Pediatric Mortality Related to Anesthesia Outside of the Operating Room
Michael Girshin, Robert Frumento, Victoria Shapiro
Montefiore Medical Center, AECOM, NY

CR2 The use of dexmedetomidine during laryngoscopy, bronchoscopy, and tracheal extubation following tracheal reconstruction
JL Seybold, RJ Ramamurthi, GB Hammer
Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA

CR3 A Rare Cause of Intraoperative Neonatal Cardiac Arrest
Inger Aliason, MD, and Kirk Lalwani, MD, FRCA*
Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, and Pediatrics*, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon, U.S.A.

CR4 Severe Postoperative Paradoxical Reaction to Midazolam Treated with Intranasal Flumazenil
James Borowiec, Christer Jonmarker
Children's Hospital and Regional Medical Center, Seattle, WA

CR9 Recurrent Respiratory Papillomatosis Presenting as Acute Airway Obstruction After Induction of Anesthesia
MA Sankaran Raval, O Gusakov, E Brasoveanu
Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA

CR10 Diagnostic Use of Epidural Blood Patch for Low Pressure Headache after Lumbar-Peritoneal Shunt Placement
Dixit D, Theroux MC, Campbell JW
Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care, Department of Neurosurgery, A.I. duPont Hospital for Children, Wilmington, DE & Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA

CR11 Cardiovascular collapse in a patient undergoing single lung ventilation
Dixit D, Theroux MC, Shah S, Costarino A
Anesthesia and Critical Care, A.I. duPont Hospital for Children, Biomedical Research, Wilmington, DE & Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA

CR13 Continuous caudal epidural analgesia in a patient with an implanted intrathecal baclofen pump
K Furue
Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Sainte-Justine, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Québec, Canada

CR14 EXIT to ECMO: A multi-disciplinary tour du force.
Olutoyin Olutoye M.D, Kim-Phuong Nguyen M.D, Darrell Cass M.D, Subeeh Siddiqui M.D, Karolina Adam M.D Oluyinka Olutoye M.D.
Division of Pediatric Anesthesiology and Texas Children's Fetal Center, Texas Children's Hospital, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas.

CR15 Total Spinal in an Infant: can "dry taps" occur with 20G Tuohy needles?
Jonathan C Rowell, Olof Jonmarker, Christer Jonmarker
Children's Hospital and Regional Medical Center, Seattle, WA

CR16 An Adolescent's Refusal of Surgery
Cynthia Tung, MD, David Waisel, MD, Charles Berde, MD, PhD
Children's Hospital Boston, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA

CR17 Iatrogenic Endotracheal Tube Obstruction with Foam Face Padding
BJ Walker1, SE Rampersad2

  1. Virginia Mason Medical Center
  2. University of Washington School of Medicine and Children's Hospital and Regional Medical Center, Seattle, WA

CR18 Pediatric cardiac surgery in Morroco: An anesthetic point of view
Geneviève Côté1, Jamal Benseghir2, Joachim Miro1, Nancy Poirier1

  1. Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Sainte-Justine, Montréal, Canada
  2. Clinique des Bonnes Œuvres du Cœur, Casablanca, Morocco

CR19 Hadju-Cheney Syndrome with Airway Collapse Complicating Anesthetic Management
D Hiorns, J Moaven, VE Armstead
Thomas Jefferson University/Jefferson Medical College

CR20 Anesthetic Management of encephaloduroarteriosynangiosis (EDAS) for cerebral steno-occlusive angiopathy (Moya Moya Disease)
Fitz-James,I, Anderson R, Schwarzenberger J, Kubacki T, Hache M, Feldstein N.
Departments of Anesthesia and Neurosurgery College of Physicians and Surgeons Columbia University, New York, New York.

CR21 Airway Pressure Release Ventilation for a small child with elevated intraabdominal pressure after living donor-related kidney transplantation.
Yuki Kuruma, MD, Yuji Hirasaki MD, Yoshie Taniguchi MD, Kyoko Ozaki, MD, Toru Kotani, MD, Minoru Nomura, MD, PhD, Makoto Ozaki, MD, PhD
Tokyo Women's Medical University


I-1 Pediatric Anesthesia at Arkansas Children's Hospital

I-2 Paediatric Anaesthesia at the Royal Brompton Hospital
Dr M Lane FRCA, Dr L Hepburn FRCA
Royal Brompton Hospital, London, UK

I-3 Royal Liverpool Children's Hospital (Alder Hey), Liverpool .UK
V. Patil1, C. Moores2, F.Potter3

  1. Fellow
  2. Consultant Anaesthetist & Clinical Director
  3. Consultant Anaesthetist
Jackson Rees Department of Anaesthesia
Royal Liverpool Children's Hospital (RLCH), Liverpool, UK

I-4 Pediatric Anesthesiology at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Alan Jay Schwartz, MD MSEd
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania

I-5 The Pediatric Anesthesia Division at the Tufts-New England Medical Center and the Floating Hospital for Children
A Kalra, A Schure
Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts

I-6 Division of Pediatric Anesthesiology at University Hospitals Case Medical Center and Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital
PA Tripi, MM Goldfinger, PG Morgan
Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital, Cleveland, OH
School of Medicine at Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH

I-7 Paediatric Anaesthesia at Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH)
Dr Emma Stockton FRCA
Great Ormond Street Hospital, London. United Kingdom

I-8 Section of Pediatric Anesthesia, Indiana University School of Medicine, Riley Hospital for Children, Indianapolis, IN, USA
W. L. McNiece, S. G. Walker, M. C. Green, G. Krishna
Section of Pediatric Anesthesia; Department of Anesthesia; Indiana University School of Medicine; Riley Hospital for Children; Indianapolis, IN, USA

I-9 Loma Linda University Children's Hospital and Loma Linda University Medical Center
Charles Lee, M.D.
Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA

I-10 The Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center
Paul Samuels, MD, Associate Professor, Clinical Anesthesia and Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio United States of America

I-11 Children's Hospital and Regional Medical Center, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington USA
C.M Haberkern, MD, MPH, R.J Orr, MB, BCh, C.T.M Anderson, MD, J.M Geiduschek, MD, L.D. Martin, MD
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

I-12 A.I. duPont Hospital for Children
AT Dorsey, WB. Sedrak
Thomas Jefferson University School of Medicine

I-13 Children's Hospital of Los Angeles
B Harris, R Wetzel, B Markovitz, M Moromisato, W McIlvaine, G Scott, N Rivero, A Abou-Zamzam, J Drummond-Lewis, and S Yanofsky
University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California

I-14 Pediatric Anesthesia at Children's Hospital, Boston
Tonya LK Miller, MD
Children's Hospital, Boston, Harvard Medical School

I-15 Pediatric Anesthesia at Strong Memorial Hospital - Golisano Children's Hospital at Strong, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, NY
JR Shayevitz, D Sweeney, A Chhibber, JR Robotham
University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, NY

I-16 C.S. Mott Children's Hospital, The Michigan Experience
P.I. Reynolds M.D., S. Malviya M.D.
The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan

I-17 Birmingham Children's Hospital NHS foundation Trust 'The partner of choice in child health'
Dr. Raju Reddy, Dr. K Sabapathi
C.S.Mott Children's Hospital, Ann Arbor, Michigan
University of Birmingham Medical School, Birmingham, West Midlands, United Kingdom

I-18 Addenbrookes Hospital, Cambridge, University of Cambridge

Dr.Vinod Kumar Eastern Deanery, Cambridge, UK. Dr Liam Brennan FRCA
Addenbrooke's Hospital , Cambridge, UK

HIstory of Pediatric Anesthesia

H-1 The History of Paediatric Anaesthesia. Two Firsts at the Brompton Hospital
Dr Lucy Hepburn FRCA, Dr Mary Lane FRCA, Dr JWW Gothard FRCA
Royal Brompton Hospital, London, UK

H-2 Dr John Snow (1813-1858) And Anesthesia For Infants
Dr Declan J. Warde
Department of Anaesthesia, Children's University Hospital, Temple St., Dublin 1, Ireland

H-3 Crawford Williamson Long and the First Anesthetics Administered to Children
Dr Declan J. Warde
Department of Anaesthesia, Children's University Hospital, Dublin 1, Ireland.

H-4 The History of Jackson Rees Department of Anaesthesia.
V. Patil1, F. Potter2, C. Moores3

  1. Fellow
  2. Consultant Anesthetist
  3. Consultant Anesthetist & Clinical Director
Jackson Rees Department of Anaesthesia, Royal Liverpool Children's Hospital
University of Liverpool., Liverpool, UK

H-5 The History of Pediatric Intubation and Endotracheal Anesthesia
KA Randolph, MD, A Patel, MD, MCJ Tran, MD
New Jersey Medical School, UMDNJ, Newark, NJ

H-6 Contributions of Pediatric Anesthetists from the UK, Australia, Sweden and France to the Early Development of Pediatric Critical Care in North America
John J. Downes, MD
The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, and The University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

H-7 Pediatric cardiac anesthesia in its infancy
Dr. K Sabapathi, Dr. S Malviya
C.S.Mott Children's Hospital, Ann Arbor, Michigan